>> Sunday, February 09, 2014
For some time I wanted to build a NAS at home mainly to backup my kid's photos and videos and make those available to be viewed on TV and iPads. I researched for some off-the-shelf NAS systems but the cost of those and my enthusiasm to build my own, kept me away from buying those. Here, I will be describing the process I went through in case someone else is also interested in doing the same.
- NO WINDOWS !! :)
- system should allow us to access the media across the network and translate the videos on demand to suit the devices
- OS installation and configuration should be relatively involved task so that I can pick and chose what I want. And then later, I should be able to change or re-configure (so, no completely off the shelf, limited configurable software stacks)
- hardware requirements for the selected OS should not mandate server grade expensive hardware (So, no Free4NAS)
- system should be able to store more than 4GB of data with at least one backup.
- system, once setup, should be extremely quiet.
- should be mini-ITX to have the smallest form factor and must have enough fans to cool
- the casing should support at least 6 disks
- the motherboard should support
- 6 x 6Gb/s SATA III drives
- 1 x PCIe 3.0 slot for expansions
- HDMI output (in case, I decide to convert this to a HTPC)
- at least 16GB DDR3 memory
- Haswell processor
- The disks should have either SMART features so that I can spin down the idle disks or should be NAS compatible so that it can manage on it own
- Fractal Design Node 304 - $39.99 ($49.99 - $10 MIR) This was the best extremely quiet and compact mini-ITX case in the market with 6 disk bays. And for $39.99, this was a steal.
- Asus Intel H87I-PLUS Motherboard - $92.99 ($117.99 - $25 MIR) This was the cheapest motherboard from a well recognized vendor in the market with all of my requirements. This motherboard had the support for RAID support as well but it I think is considered pseudo-RAID and might not have any difference with software RAID
- Intel Pentium G3220 3.0GHz LGA 1150 Dual-Core - $69.99
- Kingston HyperX (2 x 4GB) DDR3-1333MHz memory - $69.99 ($79.99 - $10 MIR)
- Ultra LSP Series V2 450-Watt Power Supply - $29.99 ($39.99 - $10 MIR) This PSU has 4 SATA power connectors for hard drives
- SATA 6 Gb/s cables and power cable splitters from monoprice - $10.70
- 2 x 3TB Western Digital Red Drives - $175.98 ( 2 x $139.99 - 2 x $27 MIR - $30 AMEX promotion - $20 V.me promotion)
- 1 x 3TB Western Digital Red Drive - $119.99
- 1 x 3TB Toshiba SATA III 7200rpm - $79.99 ($109.99 - $30 MIR)
- 1 x 2TB Seagate Barracuda - $79.99 ($109.99 - $30): Decided to have a separate disk to keep the OS and the data that doesn't need any backup but needs to be shared across the network.